The kidneys are an essential part of the urinary system. They filter the body’s water-soluble waste products and environmental toxins out of the body through the urine system. The kidneys produce three essential hormones in our body: Erythropoietin (EPO), which helps produce red blood cells in our bones; Renin, which helps regulate our blood pressure; and Vitamin D, which works to regulate our body’s metabolism and allows us to have healthy bones.
While there are several different types of cancer that can occur in the kidneys, Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is the most common. RCC occurs when cancerous cells develop in the lining of the kidney, and grow into a mass that becomes a tumor.
Early diagnosis of kidney cancer is crucial. The team at Urology Experts is dedicated to solving each of our patient’s unique medical problems, and we work hard to detect early diagnoses.
The bladder is the organ responsible for storing and releasing urine. Urine is initially produced in the kidneys and then carried by the ureters to the bladder, where it is released through the urethra.
Bladder cancer usually forms in the lining of the bladder. This is the case for Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC). TCC is the most common type of bladder cancer and it forms in the bladder’s inner layer. Blood in the urine as well as changes in bladder habits may be symptoms of bladder cancer.
Adrenal cancer forms in the adrenal gland, which are small glands located on top of the kidneys. The adrenal gland consists of two parts. The cortex, the outer part, produces certain hormones for the body, and is the most common place for adrenal cancer to occur. The inner part of the adrenal gland, called the medulla, is an extension of the nervous system that also produces certain hormones.
There are a few types of Adrenal cancer that can form. Tumors may form in the adrenal glands, but they can be benign or malignant. Adrenal Cortical cancer, which forms in the cortex can produce hormones the physically affect the body.
There are a few symptoms of adrenal cancer everyone should look out for. Roughly half of the people with adrenal cancer have symptoms related to the hormones made by the tumor. The other half of patients experience symptoms related to the tumor growing so large that it presses on nearby organs.
Testicular cancer forms in the testicles, which are located below the penis and function to produce sperm and testosterone in the body.
Most testicular cancer starts in the germ cells where sperm is produced. Tumor growth in germ cells are either categorized as seminomas, which means the tumor tends to spread slowly, or non-seminomas, which means the tumor often develops at an earlier stage in life.
There are a number of different signs to watch out for when it comes to testicular cancer. Symptoms may include: a lump or swelling of the testicle, a sense of heaviness in the lower belly or scrotum, or soreness or growth in the breast area.
The prostate, a gland just below the bladder, contains cells that produce fluids responsible for nourishing sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when these cells in the prostate begin to grow uncontrollably.
Men with early prostate cancer may not even feel symptoms. However, more aggressive prostate cancers can cause various symptoms, such as: erectile dysfunction, problems urinating, bloody urine, numbness in the legs or feet and pain in the ribs, spine or hips.
The skilled medical staff at Urology Experts will discuss treatment options with any patients who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can oftentimes be very treatable, especially if it is caught early.